BY MIKE TUA
THE majority of people in Solomon Islands may have heard of sepsis, but might not know what it is? However, sepsis is a silent killer that is often overlooked simply because of a lack of awareness, according to the National Referral Hospital’s Emergency Department as part of the launching of the “Sepsis Six” pathway Awareness in January.
Sepsis can happen to anybody, but people whose immune systems are compromised and those with diseases such as diabetes are at increased risk. Sepsis is currently the leading killer in our Emergency Department.
National Referral Hospital’s Emergency Department Dr. Patrick said his department is committed to launching their campaign to increase awareness of the potentially deadly disease.
“Nurses and Doctors at the National Referral Hospital’s Emergency Department will now start to make sure the general public in the country are aware of Sepsis as a Potential Killer.
“To quickly identify any person infected with sepsis, the public must take responsibility to understand the symptoms or signs of sepsis so that they can immediately refer any person with similar symptoms to the National Referral Hospital for doctors or nurses to make a quick medical check-up and possible treatment.
“Please everyone, let us all help to reduce the number of deaths in our emergency department by referring our sick patients quickly when sepsis is suspected,” Dr. Patrick added.
So what is Sepsis?
Sepsis is an out-of-control immune response to infection that harms organs. People who survive sepsis can have lifelong disabilities or in simple terms, sepsis occurs when the body’s response to an infection injures its tissues and organs.
Our bodies are very good at fighting infection. The immune system reacts and attacks bacteria and viruses that make us sick. But sometimes the immune reaction is so strong that it damages the body. This is called a septic reaction or sepsis, and the mortality rate associated with it can be high.
Why is it important to know about Sepsis?
Sepsis is a “Medical Emergency”. Meaning it is a potentially life-threatening condition. The first hour since symptom onset is crucial or in other words, tym sepsis kasem anyone, if umi no quik taem treatim ba man save die lo hem.
What are the common signs of Sepsis?
- Fever & Chills (body hot or cold tumas)
- Extreme tiredness (feel ova tired tumas)
- Confusion (no saveh ting ting stret)
- Shortness of breath (shotwin)
- Light headed (hed spin)
- Unexplained pain (body soa nogud but u no save why)
What is the “Sepsis Six” pathway?
This is the name given to 6 vital medical therapies that are designed to reduce the number of deaths caused by sepsis.
- Blood culture/Swab
- Early IV antibiotics
- IV fluids
- Lactate & FBC
- Urine Output